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Clinical Archives of Communication Disorders > Volume 7(1); 2022 > Article
Clinical Archives of Communication Disorders 2022;7(1): 43-49. doi: https://doi.org/10.21849/cacd.2022.00717
A study on the working condition of speech-language pathologists in Korea
Myoung Soon Lee1, Eun Kyoung Lee2
1Department of Speech-Language Therapy, Sangji University, Wonju, Korea
2Department of Speech-Language Pathology, Dongshin University, Naju, Korea
Correspondence  Eun Kyoung Lee ,Tel: +82-61-330-3473, Fax: +82-61-330-3476, Email: eklee00129@gmail.com
Received: April 10, 2022; Revised: April 28, 2022   Accepted: April 28, 2022.  Published online: April 30, 2022.
ABSTRACT
Purpose
This study aims to investigate the employment type of speech-language pathologists, subscription of social security insurance, workplace, working hours, salary, and types of disability of the subjects to be treated, and analyze the information on the actual working conditions to utilize it in policy proposals for speech-language pathologists, considering the changes in economic structure and employment environment and their aspects.
Methods
The study was conducted through an online Google questionnaire for speech-language pathologists. The total number of participants was 1,414. The results were processed using SPSS 25.0, and descriptive statistics were performed.
Results
First, private speech therapy centers (731 people, 48.1%), social welfare facilities (240 people, 15.8%), and development centers attached to the hospital (164 people, 10.8%) were in order of the type of workplace of speech-language pathologists. Second, the types of work of speech-language pathologists were professional freelance workers (608 people, 44.9%), full-time jobs (551 people, 40.7%), contract workers of fixed payment (95 people, 7.0%), and contract workers of combination with fixed payment and rate system payment (65 people, 4.8%). Third, the insurance coverage of speech-language pathologists was in the order of four major insurances (862 people, 66.2%), non-insured (284 people, 21.8%), and two major insurances (148 people, 11.4%). Fourth, the numbers of speech-language pathologists workplaces were 1 workplace (689 people, 72.2%), 2 workplaces (206 people, 21.6%), others (36 people, 3.8%), and 3 workplaces (23 people, 2.4%).
Conclusions
After COVID-19, there was a change in perception of the speech-language pathologists’ employment type. The results of this study will be used to improve the treatment of speech-language pathologists, such as through policy proposals for employment stability and the expansion of high-quality workplaces.
Keywords: COVID-19, Employment, Freelancer, Speech-language pathologists
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